BOKASHI COMPOSTING : Out of all the composting methods, this one has become popular for a number of reasons :
– It’s compact as all scraps go into a bucket.
– There’s no bad odour during the process of filling the bucket.
– Two in one fertilizer – liquid which is drained off and diluted with 5 liters (1.5 gallons) water to half a cup which can be used indoors or outdoors. Once the bucket is full and the liquid drained the contents can be used in the garden.
– Greatly reduces the waste from the kitchen.
– Quick and easy.
It is a personal preference to add meat and dairy products.
Below is a link that gives greater detail on the Bokashi method and it’s history : www.planetnatural.com/composter-connection/indoor-composting/bokashi-composting/
BANANA PEELS – Roses love potassium, simply throw one or two peels in the hole before planting or bury peels under mulch so they can compost naturally. Get bigger and more blooms, banana peels can also be used vegetables.
COFFEE GROUNDS – Acid-loving plants such as tomatoes, blueberries, roses and azaleas may get a jolt out of coffee grounds mixed into the soil, but more likely it’s the nitrogen that helps. Sprinkled on top of the ground before watering or pour a liquid version on top of the soil. If using as a soil drench, soak 6 cups of coffee grounds in a 19 liter (5 gallon) bucket and let it sit for 2-3 days and then saturate the soil around your plants.
EGG SHELLS – Wash them then crush them. Work the shell pieces into the soil near tomatoes and peppers, the calcium helps fend off blossom end rot. Eggshells are 95% – 97% calcium carbonate, the same stuff that chalk, limestone, cave stalactites, sea shells, coral, and pearls are made of. Using eggshells in a homemade potting mix will give you healthy, beautiful fruits fit for seed saving.
MANURE – With a little effort, you’ll find folks that are giving away composted chicken, horse or cow manure for free. Composted and aged manure is best. Add the composted manure to a small permeable bag made from recycled cloth, e.g., a t-shirt or old towel. Let it steep in the shade for a few days and apply it to your soil to condition it before planting. Bury or discard the used bag. Some people use manure tea to soak bare root roses.
WEEDS – Nettles, comfrey, yellow dock, burdock, horsetail and chickweed make wonderful homemade fertilizer. There are several ways you can use them to make your own brew or to speed up your compost pile. If your weeds have not gone to flower you can dry them in the sun and chop them up to use as a mulch. They are high in nitrogen and won’t rob your plants of nutrients. Borage (starflower) is a herb but some people consider it a weed, it has many of the same nutritional properties as comfrey which is also a herb. Dry the entire plant, root and all, and put it in the compost tumbler. It helps break everything down and gives the pile and extra dose of heat, some let the weeds soak for many days. For an extended brew, get out the bucket and your bandana.. the bandana you’ll need for your nose because this technique gets stinky. If you want to take the “putrid plunge” place a bunch of weed leaves and roots in a 19 liter (5 gallon) bucket. Weigh down the leaves with a brick to ensure the plant matter is covered and add water to cover. Stir weekly and wait 3-5 weeks for the contents to get thick and gooey. Then use that goo, diluted 1:10 or more as a soil drench fertilizer. To make it even more convenient, you can use two buckets and make a hole in the bottom of the bucket that contains the plants. The goo will seep through to the lower bucket. It’s always best to apply the liquid fertilizer diluted – it should look like weak tea.
For 6 more exciting and.. different.. ways to make your own fertilizer, visit www.homegrownfun.com/natural-fertilizers-around-house/